● Write an essay on the given TOPIC covering three of the POINTS below.
● Structure: Three or more paragraphs, including an introduction and conclusion
● Length: Around 200 words
● Write your essay in the space provided on side B of your answer sheet. Any writing outside the space will not be graded.
TOPIC：Should cloning research be promoted, or should it be discontinued?
- Endangered species
- Financial costs
- Food supply
- Medical applications
"Cloning research should be promoted."
There is a lot of controversy regarding cloning research. I believe that this research should be promoted. Let me explain some of the potential benefits to humankind.
First, there are likely to be some medical applications of cloning. One example would be to somehow reproduce human organs for the purpose of transplantation. If it becomes possible to replace a failing heart or liver, the average life span will increase.
Another area of potential benefit is in food supply. If a pig is especially large, or a cow produces superior milk, these animals could be cloned and bred. Instead of breeding one super animal, we could breed one hundred clones of the super animal. This would increase the food supply more quickly than traditional methods.
Some people are deeply troubled by the ethics of human cloning. They suggest human clones could be made for warfare or for the supply of body parts. These suggestions are exaggerated. Cloned humans would have the same rights and opportunities as other humans.
Of course scientists should use care and common sense with such a controversial technology. Nevertheless, the potential benefits of cloning are too promising to ignore or restrict. Cloning research should be promoted.
"Cloning research should be discontinued."
Cloning research is very controversial. There are many questions and problems about both genetic modification and cloning. I’m not sure if it is possible to discontinue all research, but someone should put the brakes on this area of biotechnology.
Some people are deeply troubled by the ethics of human cloning. They suggest human clones could be made for warfare or for the supply of body parts. That may sound ridiculous here in Japan, but other countries might try this. We also need to respect the feelings of religious people. Is it necessary for humans to try to copy the works of the gods?
There are other risks that we may not know of yet. We already see some negative effects of genetically modified crops. Also, the cloned sheep named Dolly had a short life span. If we clone animals and humans, will there be other unexpected or unintended side effects?
Scientific research is often expensive and time consuming. Surely the money used for cloning research could be better used in other areas of biotechnology research.
Cloning technology is expensive and unnecessary. Let’s discontinue this unusual and dangerous area of biotechnology.